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Ἴδη, Dor. Ἴδα).


Now Ida or Kas-Dagh; a mountain range of Mysia, in Asia Minor, which formed the southern boundary of the Troad; extending from Lectum Promontorium in the southwestern corner of the Troad, eastwards along the northern side of the Gulf of Adramyttium, and further east into the centre of Mysia. Its highest summits were Cotylus on the north and Gargara on the south; the latter is about 5700 feet high, and is often capped with snow. Lower down, the slopes of the mountain are well wooded; and lower still, they form fertile fields and valleys. The sources of the Scamander, the Simoïs, and the Granicus, besides other rivers and numerous brooks, are on Ida. The mountain is celebrated in mythology, as the scene of the rape of Ganymedes, whom Ovid (Fasti, ii. 145) calls Idaeus puer, and of the judgment of Paris, who is called Idaeus iudex by Ovid (Fasti, vi. 44), and Idaeus pastor by Cicero (Ad Att. i. 18). In Homer, too, its summit is the place from which the gods watch the battles in the plain of Troy. Ida was also an ancient seat of the worship of Cybelé, who obtained from it the name of Idaea Mater.


Now Psilorati; a mountain in the centre of Crete, belonging to the mountain range which runs through the whole length of the island. Mount Ida is 8055 feet above the level of the sea. It was closely connected with the worship of Zeus, who is fabled to have been reared in a cave in this mountain. See Curetes; Zeus.

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