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ἀτιμία). The Latin term for the loss of certain political rights; resembling, but not identical with, deminutio capitis (q. v.). It was the direct consequence of dishonourable conduct, or of some shameless act (such as a widow not observing the usual year of mourning, bigamy, bankruptcy, going on the stage, or becoming a gladiator, pandering, or becoming a prostitute, etc.). It also resulted from a condemnation for felony, robbery, fraud, embezzlement of a deposit, whether belonging to a society or a ward, or, in fact, for any criminal offence. The infamis was expelled from his tribe, lost his vote and his capacity for filling public offices (ius suffragii and ius honorum), and could not appear in a court of law either on his own account or on behalf of another. See Mommsen, Römisches Staatsrecht, ii. 1, pp. 375 foll.; and cf. the article Atimia.

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