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οἱ κάτω, οἱ χθόνιοι, οἱ ὑπὸ γαῖαν, οἱ ἔνερθε). The gods of the nether world, in contradistinction from the Superi, or the gods of heaven. But the word Inferi is also frequently used to designate the dead, and therefore comprises all the inhabitants of the lower world, both the gods—viz., Hades or Pluto, his wife Persephoné (Proserpina), the Erinyes or Furies, and also the souls of departed men. See Hades.

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