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Intercessio


1.

The Latin term for the interference of a higher officer with some public act on the part of one lower in rank—e. g. calling a meeting of the commons. The tribune of the people could thus interfere with the praetor, quaestor, and aedile, so that it was even open to the tribunes of the people to refuse a triumph to a consul or a praetor.


2.

The quashing of an official act. As in (1), this might be issued by a higher official against a lower one; and also by one colleague against another—e. g. by tribune against tribune. It was necessary that the intercessio should be made in person, and in general immediately after the act in question. It was employed against judicial decisions, administrative ordinances (solely on the appeal of the person concerned); also against decrees of the Senate and motions in the popular assembly. The later species of intercessio early became a special right of the tribuni (q. v.).


3.

In general legal procedure, intercessio means the assumption by one person of another's debt. To become an intercessor, he must incur liability by entering into a contract or other similar transaction with the other person's creditors. See Gaius, iii. 110-127, ed. Poste.

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