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Internum Maré

The Mediterranean Sea, extending on the west from the Strait of Hercules, which separated it from the Atlantic, to the coasts of Syria and Asia Minor on the east. It was called by the Romans, Maré Internum or Intestinum; by the Greeks, ἔσω θάλαττα, or ἐντὸς θάλαττα, or, more fully, ἐντὸς Ἡρακλείων στηλῶν θάλαττα, and by Herodotus, ἥδε θάλαττα; and from its washing the coasts both of Greece and Italy, it was also called, by both Greeks and Romans, Our Sea ( ἡμετέρα θάλαττα, καθ̓ ἡμᾶς θάλαττα, Maré Nostrum). The term Maré Mediterraneum is not used by the best classical writers, and occurs first in Solinus. The ebb and flow of the tide are perceptible in only a few parts of the Mediterranean, such as in the Syrtes on the coast of Africa, in the Adriatic, etc. The different parts of the Mediterranean are called by different names, which are spoken of in separate articles. See Aegeum Maré; Hadriaticum Maré; Siculum Maré; Tyrrhenum Maré.

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