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Ἰτουραία) or Ityraea. A country of Palestine, so called from Itur or Ietur, one of the sons of Ishmael, who settled in it; but whose posterity were either driven out or subdued by the Amorites, when it is supposed to have formed part of the kingdom of Bashan. It lay on the northeastern side of the land of Israel, between it and the territory of Damascus or Syria. The Itureans being subdued by Aristobulus, the high-priest and governor of the Jews, B.C. 106, were forced by him to embrace the Jewish religion, and were at the same time incorporated into the State. They again became independent, but were again subdued by Pompey. Many of them entered the Roman armies and won renown by their skill in horsemanship and archery. Philip, one of the sons of Herod the Great, was tetrarch or governor of this country when John the Baptist commenced his ministry (Ioseph. Ant. Jud. xiii. 19; Epiphan. Haeres. 19; Luke, iii. 1). See Palaestina.

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