In architecture, a cross-beam (Vitruv. x. 8, 19).
The beam which
united the upright posts of a loom.
The crossrail of a trellis.
The cross-bar of a lyre.
A scale-beam, and hence, by metonymy, a pair of scales=libra.
The thwart or cross-bench of a boat.
A yoke, often fastened to the horns of a beast (Columell. R. R.
ii. 2). The
yoke was tied to the pole (ῥυμός
) by a rope or strap (ζυγόδεσμον
). Cf. Hom.
Il. xxiv. 268
-274, with Leaf's discussion in the Journal of the
v. 185 foll. See Currus