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A daughter of Iulius Caesar by Cornelia, celebrated for her beauty and excellent character. She had been affianced to Servilius Caepio, and was on the point of being given to him in marriage, when her father bestowed her upon Pompey (Plut. Pomp. 47; Appian. B. C. i. 14). Iulia possessed great influence over both her father and her husband, and as long as she lived prevented any outbreak between them. Her sudden death, however, in childbed, severed the tie that had in some degree bound Pompey to his father-in-law, and no private considerations any longer existed to allay the jealousies which political disputes might arouse between them. The amiable character of Iulia, and her constant affection for her husband, gained for her the general regard of the people; and this they showed by insisting on celebrating her funeral in the Campus Martius, a compliment scarcely ever paid to a woman before (Iul. 21, 26, 84).


The sister of Iulius Caesar. She married M. Atius Balbus, and became by him the mother of Octavia Minor and Augustus (Iul. 74; Aug. 4, 8).


The aunt of Iulius Caesar. At her decease, her nephew pronounced a eulogy from the Rostra over her remains (Iul. 6).


The daughter of Augustus by his first wife Scribonia. As he had no children by Livia, whom he had subsequently espoused, Iulia remained his

Iulia, daughter or Augustus.

sole heiress, and the choice of her husband became a matter of great importance. She was first married to her cousin M. Marcellus (B.C. 25), the nephew of Augustus by his sister Octavia, and the person celebrated by Vergil in the famous lines of the sixth Aeneid. But Marcellus dying young and without children, Augustus selected for the second husband of his daughter his oldest friend and most useful adherent, M. Vipsanius Agrippa. This marriage seemed to answer all the wishes of Augustus, for Iulia became the mother of five children—Gaius , Lucius, Iulia, Agrippina, and Agrippa Postumus. Agrippa died B.C. 12, and Iulia was married, for the third time, to Tiberius Claudius Nero, the son of Livia, and afterwards emperor. Tiberius subsequently thought proper to withdraw from Rome to the island of Rhodes, where he lived in the greatest retirement. During his absence, his wife Iulia was guilty of such gross infidelities towards him that Augustus himself divorced her in the name of his son-in-law, and banished her to the island of Pandataria, off the Campanian coast, where she was closely confined for some time, and treated with the greatest rigour; nor would Augustus ever forgive her, or receive her again into his presence, although he afterwards removed her from Pandataria to Rhegium, and somewhat softened the severity of her treatment. When her husband Tiberius ascended the throne (A.D. 14) she was again severely dealt with, and soon died of ill-treatment and starvation.


The granddaughter of Augustus, and daughter of Agrippa and Iulia 4. She was married to L. Paulus, but, imitating the licentious conduct of her mother, was banished by Augustus for her adulterous practices to the island of Tremerus, off the coast of Apulia, where she continued to live for the space of twenty years, and where at last she died (Tac. Ann. iv. 71).


A daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina, married in A.D. 33 to M. Vinicius. She was cut off by the intrigues of Messalina, who accused her of adultery with the philosopher Seneca (Dio Cass. lix. 3, 8).


Daughter of Caligula and Milonia Caesaria. Her father carried her to the temples of all the goddesses, and dedicated her to Minerva, as the patroness of her education. She showed in her infancy strong indications of the cruelty that branded both her parents. She suffered death with her mother after the assassination of Caligula (Calig. 25, 59).


See Domna.


Daughter of Titus the son of Vespasian, and married to Flavius Sabinus, Vespa

Iulia, daughter of Titus. (Gem in the King Collection.)

sian's nephew. She lived in criminal intercourse with the emperor Domitian, and died of an abortion caused by him.


See Drusilla.


See Maesa.

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