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The term used in Roman law of the power belonging to the king or magistrate of administering justice in suits between private persons (inter privatos), which was a part of the imperium or supreme executive power. The plebeian and inferior magistrates did not possess iurisdictio, except that the curule aediles exercised it in matters relating to the markets.

Very strictly used, the term iurisdictio means the same as iudicis datio, or the right of a magistrate to appoint a iudex. See Actio; Imperium; Iudex; Judicial Procedure; Magistratus.

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