The leathern corselet of the Roman legionary. It consisted of thongs (lora
Legionary with Lorica. (Arch of Severus.)
of shoe-leather faced with metal. These were fastened one upon another in such a
way that they formed a covering for the body with two shoulderpieces. Below the latter a
plate of iron 9 1/2 inches square was placed over the region of the heart. Of the early
citizen-soldiers, the more wealthy wore also coats of chainarmour (lorica
) and corselets of mail (lorica squamata
), in which the
joints were further covered with metal plates; the latter were also worn by the praetorians
in imperial times.
The breastworks on walls and on redoubts.