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Lorīca


1.

The leathern corselet of the Roman legionary. It consisted of thongs (lora)

Legionary with Lorica. (Arch of Severus.)

of shoe-leather faced with metal. These were fastened one upon another in such a way that they formed a covering for the body with two shoulderpieces. Below the latter a plate of iron 9 1/2 inches square was placed over the region of the heart. Of the early citizen-soldiers, the more wealthy wore also coats of chainarmour (lorica hamata) and corselets of mail (lorica squamata), in which the joints were further covered with metal plates; the latter were also worn by the praetorians in imperial times.


2.

The breastworks on walls and on redoubts.

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