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and in late Latin, Laterna (ἰπνός, λυχνοῦχος; in late Greek, φανός). A lantern. Two bronze lanterns have been found in the ruins of Herculaneum and Pompeii. One of them is represented in the foregoing illustration. Its form is cylindrical. At the bottom is a circular plate of metal, resting on three balls. Within is a bronze lamp attached to the centre of the base, and provided with an extinguisher, shown on the right hand of the lantern. The plates of translucent horn, forming the sides, probably had no aperture; but the hemispherical cover may be raised so as to admit the hand and to serve instead of a door, and it is also perforated with holes through which the smoke might escape. To the two upright pillars supporting the frame-work, a front view of one of which is shown on the left hand of the lantern, chains are attached for carrying the lantern by means of the handle at the top.

We learn from Martial (xiv. 61, 62) that bladder was used for lanterns as well as horn. Some centuries later glass was also substituted. The most transparent horn lanterns were brought from Carthage (lanternae Punicae). When the lantern was required for use the lamp was lighted and placed within it. It was carried by a slave, who was called the lanternarius or servus praelucens. When a lantern was not at hand, a basket (σπυρίδιον), as a cheaper and commoner utensil, was taken to hold the lamp.

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