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Libra

σταθμός).


1.

A balance or pair of scales,

Libra. (Millin,
Peint. de Vases Ant.

whose principal parts were (a) the beam, iugum, ζυγόν; (b) the scales, lances, τάλαντα. When the beam had a tongue working in an “eye” (agina), the tongue was called examen and ligula. This sort of balance was called trutĭna (τρυτάνη). A steelyard was called statēra.


2.

A constellation (Ζυγός) placed in the Zodiac at the equinox when days and nights are equally balanced.


3.

An instrument for ascertaining the level of the water in an aqueduct (Vitruv. viii. 5, 1).

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