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Μαύσωλος). A king of Caria and eldest son of Hecatomnus. He reigned B.C. 377-353. In 362 he joined in a revolt against Artaxerxes Mnemon, and thereby added to his dominions. In 358 he aided the Rhodians and their allies against Athens, and died in the year 353, leaving no children. He was succeeded by his wife and sister Artemisia, who erected to his memory the costly monument called from him the Mausoleum. See Artemisia; Mausoleum.

Section of Hadrian's Mausoleum. a. Entrance, with Statue of Hadrian. b. Ventilating Passage. c. Central Tomb-chamber. d. Ventilating Channel. f. Drainage Outlet.

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