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Maximiānus, M. Aurelius Valerius


1.

A Roman emperor, who ruled A.D. 286-305, originally a Pannonian soldier. He was made by Diocletian his colleague in the Empire, but was compelled to abdicate along with the latter. (See Diocletianus.) When his son Maxentius assumed the imperial title in the following year (306 A.D.), he resided some time at Rome; but being expelled from the city by Maxentius, he took refuge in Gaul with Constantine, who had married his daughter Fausta. Here he was compelled by Constantine, against whom he is said to have conspired, to put an end to his own life in 310.


2.

Galerius Maximiānus, usually called Galerius, Roman emperor, A.D. 305-311. He was first made Caesar by Diocletian, whose daughter he had married; and upon the abdication of Diocletian and Maximianus (305 A.D.), he became Augustus or emperor. He died in 311, of the disgusting disease known in modern times by the name of morbus pediculosus. He was a cruel persecutor of the Christians.


3.

Maximiānus of Etruria. A Latin poet in the beginning of the sixth century after Christ. He is the author of six amatory elegies, modelled on classical poets, from whom he borrowed largely. His chief theme is a lament for the prospective loss of his youth. Edited first by Gauricus (Venice, 1501), who ascribed the elegies to Cornelius Gallus; and lately by Bährens in his Poetae Latini Minores, v. 316; and Petschenig (Berlin, 1890). See Professor Robinson Ellis in the American Journal of Philology (1884).

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