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Maxĭmus, Planūdes

A learned Greek monk of the Byzantine period, and distinguished as a theologian and philologist. He lived from A.D. 1260 to 1330, and took some part in public life, being sent by Andronicus II. in 1327 as ambassador to Venice. His writings comprise treatises on grammar and syntax, scholia to Theocritus and Hermogenes, a collection of excerpts from Plato, Aristotle, Strabo, Dio Cassius, etc., and translations from Latin into Greek (e. g. Caesar's De Bello Gallico, Cicero's Somnium Scipionis, the Metamorphoses and Heroides of Ovid, and Boethius, De Consolatione); but, above all, he is remembered for his famous collection known as the Anthologia Planudea, which was the only Greek anthology known to Western Europe until 1606, when Salmasius discovered the older and richer collection of Cephalas at Heidelberg. See Professor Alfred Gudeman in Calvary's Berl. Stud. viii. 3 (1888), and in the Proc. of the American Philological Assoc. xx. pp. 6 foll.; also M. Treu's commentary on the Epistulae of Planudes (Breslau, 1890); A. Palmer, Ovid's Heroides (Oxford, 1894); and the article Anthology.

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