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Novensĭles

or Novensĭdes Dii (from novus+ insideo, “the newly-settled gods”). A name used by the Romans in contrast to dii indigetes or native gods, to denote those deities introduced from non-Roman sources and of late introduction (Livy, viii. 9). Such were, for example, Apollo, Mercury, and in later times Cybelé; while the dii patrii or indigetes were of a less poetic and magnificent character, and are in general the deities presiding over special functions—e. g. Parca, presiding at birth; Rumina, who watched the suckling of the child; Levana, who saw it adopted by the father; Cuba and Cunina, who protected it in the cradle, etc. In solemn formulae, the dii indigetes and the dii novensiles are invoked together (Livy , l. c.).

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