or Novensĭdes Dii
, “the newly-settled gods”). A name used by the Romans in
contrast to dii indigetes
or native gods, to denote those deities
introduced from non-Roman sources and of late introduction (Livy, viii.
). Such were, for example, Apollo, Mercury, and in later times Cybelé;
while the dii patrii
were of a less
poetic and magnificent character, and are in general the deities presiding over special
functions—e. g. Parca, presiding at birth; Rumina, who watched the suckling of the
child; Levana, who saw it adopted by the father; Cuba and Cunina, who protected it in the
cradle, etc. In solemn formulae, the dii indigetes
and the dii novensiles
are invoked together (Livy , l. c.