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Ὀλυμπιεῖον). The temple of Olympian Zeus at Athens, in the southern part of the city, between the Acropolis and the Ilissus. It was built on the site of an ancient temple of Zeus, said to have been erected by Deucalion. The architects were Antistates, Callaeschrus, Antimachides, and Porinus. It was begun by Pisistratus about B.C. 535, continued by the Syrian king Antiochus Epiphanes (B.C. 175-164), and completed by the Roman emperor Hadrian (A.D. 125-130). See Pausan. i. 18, 6-8, and the monograph by Bevier in the Papers of the American Classical School at Athens, i. 183-222 (1885). Illustrations of its ruins are given on pp. 152 and 155 of this Dictionary.

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