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Olympiodōrus

Ὀλυμπιόδωρος). A name common to many individuals. The most deserving of notice are the following:


1.

A native of Thebes, in Egypt, who flourished in the beginning of the fifth century of our era. He continued the history of Eunapius from A.D. 407 to 425. His work, entitled Ὕλη Ἱστορίας (“Materials for History”), or Ἱστορικοὶ Λόγοι (“Historical Narratives”), consisted of twenty-two books. Only a fragment of it has been preserved by Photius. The work began with the seventh consulship of the emperor Honorius, and was brought down to the accession of Valentinian. It was dedicated to the younger Theodosius.


2.

An Alexandrian philosopher, who flourished about the year B.C. 430. He is celebrated for his knowledge of the Aristotelian doctrines, and was the master of Proclus, who attended upon his school before he was twenty years of age.


3.

A Platonic philosopher, who flourished towards the close of the sixth century. He was the author of commentaries on four of Plato's dialogues—the First Alcibiades, the Phaedon, Gorgias, and Philebus. The first of these contains a life of Plato, in which we meet with certain particulars relative to the philosopher not to be found elsewhere. This Olympiodorus was a native of Alexandria. The title which his commentaries bear appears to indicate by the words ἀπὸ φωνῆς (“from the mouth” of Olympiodorus) that they were copied down by the hearers of the philosopher.


4.

A native of Alexandria, a Peripatetic, who flourished during the latter half of the sixth century A.D. He was the author of a commentary on the meteorology of Aristotle, still extant.

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