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Παίονες). A powerful Thracian people who, in historical times, inhabited the whole of the north of Macedonia from the frontiers of Illyria to some little distance east of the river Strymon. Their country was called Paeonia (Παιονία). They were troublesome neighbours to the Macedonians, whose territories they frequently raided; but Philip, the father of Alexander the Great, at last subdued them (Diod.xix. 2, etc.).

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