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called Posidonia (Ποσειδωνία) by the Greeks. A city in Lucania, situated four or five miles south of the Silarus, and near the bay, which derived its name from the town (Paestanus Sinus: Gulf of Salerno). It was colonized by the Sybarites about B.C. 524, and soon became a powerful and flourishing city. It was captured by the Lucanians about B.C. 430 and gradually lost its Greek characteristics. Under the Romans it gradually sank in importance, and in the time of Augustus it is mentioned only on account of the beautiful roses grown in its neighbourhood. The ruins of

Ruined Temple at Paestum.

two Doric temples at Paestum are among the most remarkable remains of antiquity. See Labrouste, Les Temples de Paestum (1877), and Templum.

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