The son of Nauplius and brother of Oeax, a hero of the post-Homeric cycle of Trojan legend.
Odysseus envied his wisdom and ingenuity, and was bent on avenging himself on Palamedes for
detecting his feigned madness. Accordingly he is said to have conspired with Diomedes and
drowned him while engaged in fishing; or (according to another account) they persuaded him to
enter a well, in which treasure was said to be concealed, and then overwhelmed him with
stones. According to others, Agamemnon also hated him as head of the peace party among the
Greeks. He accordingly got Odysseus and Diomedes to conceal in his tent a letter purporting
to be written by Priam, as well as some money, and then accuse him as a traitor; whereupon he
was stoned to death by the people. His brother Oeax informed his father of the sad event by
writing the news on an oar and throwing it into the sea, upon which he took a terrible
vengeance on the returning Greeks. (See Nauplius
Palamedes was considered by the Greeks as the inventor of the alphabet and of lighthouses;
also of measures and weights, and of dice and draughts and the discus.
A Greek grammarian mentioned by Athenaeus, who makes him one of the speakers in his book.