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Πευκέστας). A Macedonian, who was a distinguished officer of Alexander the Great. He had the chief share in saving the life of Alexander in the assault on the city of the Malli in India, and was afterwards appointed by the king to the satrapy of Persia. In the division of the provinces after the death of Alexander (B.C. 323), he obtained the renewal of his government of Persia. He fought on the side of Eumenes against Antigonus (317-316), but displayed both arrogance and insubordination in these campaigns. Upon the surrender of Eumenes by the Argyraspids, Peucestas fell into the hands of Antigonus, who deprived him of his satrapy (Arrian, Anab. vi. 9-30; vii. 23).

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