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Phalaecus

Φάλαικος).


1.

A son of Onomarchus, succeeding his uncle Phaÿllus as leader of the Phocians in the Sacred War (B.C. 351). In order to secure his own safety, he concluded a treaty with Philip, by which he was allowed to withdraw into the Peloponnesus with a body of eight thousand mercenaries, leaving the unhappy Phocians to their fate, B.C. 346. Phalaecus now assumed the part of a mere leader of mercenary troops, in which character we find him engaging in various enterprises. He was slain at the siege of Cydonia in Crete.


2.

A lyric and epigrammatic poet, from whom the hendecasyllabic metre, called Phalaecian, took its name. Five of his epigrams are preserved in the Greek Anthology. His date is uncertain, but he was probably one of the principal Alexandrian poets (Athen. p. 440).

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