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Phalĕrae

τὰ φάλαρα). The terms for bosses of thin bronze or silver, or of gold-leaf impressed in relief. They were loaded at the back with pitch, and fitted to a plate of copper, being fastened to it with leather straps. They served sometimes as

Collar formed of Phalerae. (Vienna.)

decorations for the harness on the head or breast of horses (Livy, ix. 46), sometimes as signs of military rank, worn across the whole coat-of-mail (Juv. xvi. 60).

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