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Phormion

Φορμίων).


1.

A celebrated Athenian general, the son of Asopius. He distinguished himself particularly in the command of an Athenian fleet in the Corinthian Gulf, where with far inferior forces he gained some brilliant victories over the Peloponnesian fleet in B.C. 429. In the ensuing winter he landed on the coast of Acarnania, and advanced into the interior, where he also gained some successes (Thucyd. ii. 80-92, 102; Diod.xii. 37-47). He was a man of remarkably temperate habits and a strict disciplinarian.


2.

A Peripatetic philosopher of Ephesus, of whom is told the story that he discoursed for several hours before Hannibal on the military art and the duties of a general. When his admiring listeners asked Hannibal what he thought of him, the latter replied that of all the old fools whom he had ever seen, none could match Phormion (Cic. De Orat. ii. 18, 75).

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