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Poecĭlé

A celebrated portico at Athens, which received its name from the paintings with which it was adorned (ποικίλη στοά, from ποικίλος, “diversified”). Its more ancient name is said to have been Peisianactius (Zen.). The pictures were by Polygnotus, Micon, and Pamphilus, and represented the battle between Theseus and the Amazons, the contest at Marathon, and other achievements of the Athenians (Pausan. i. 15). Here were suspended also the shields of the Scioneans of Thrace, and those of the Lacedaemonians taken in the island of Sphacteria. It was in this portico that Zeno first opened his school, which was hence denominated the “Stoic,” or “School of the Porch,” from στοά. See Stoici.

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