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Πρωτεσίλαος). The son of Iphiclus and Astyoché, dwelling in Phylacé in Thessaly. He is called Phylacius and Phylacides, either from his native place or from his being a grandson of Phylacus. He led the warriors of several Thessalian towns against Troy, and was the first of all the Greeks who was killed by the Trojans, being the first who leaped from the ships upon the Trojan coast. According to the common tradition he was slain by Hector. Protesilaüs is most celebrated in ancient story for the strong affection existing between him and his wife Laodamia, the daughter of Acastus. (See Laodamia.) His tomb was shown near Eleus, in the Thracian Chersonesus, where a magnificent temple was erected to him. There was a belief that nymphs had planted elm-trees around his grave, which died away when they had grown sufficiently high to see Troy, and that fresh shoots then sprang from the roots. There was also a sanctuary of Protesilaüs at Phylacé, at which funeral games were celebrated.

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