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The eldest daughter of the Roman emperor Arcadius, born A.D. 399. In 414, when she was only fifteen years of age, she became the guardian of her brother Theodosius, and was declared Augusta or empress. She had the virtual government in her hands during the whole lifetime of her brother, who died in 450. On his death she remained at the head of affairs, and shortly afterwards she married Marcian, with whom she continued to reign in common till her death in 453. Pulcheria was a woman of ability, and was celebrated for her piety and her public and private virtues. See Theodosius II.

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