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παράδεισος). A word obtained by the Greeks from the Persians (Pollux, ix. 13), and applied by them to any park or plaisance which surrounded the country-houses of the Persian nobles. They were often of very great extent, and were usually stocked with wild animals for the chase, beautified by trees and streams, and enclosed by a wall. (Cf. Xen. Anab. i. 4.10; ii. 4.16; Gell. ii. 10). They were introduced into Greece at the time of the successes of Alexander. (See I. Müller's Handbuch, iv. p. 468.) For similar enclosures among the Romans, see Vivarium.

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