) or Patalēnē
). The name of
the great delta formed by the two principal arms by which the Indus falls into the sea. At the
apex of the delta stood the city Pattala or Patala, the Sanskrit patAla, which means “the western country,” and is applied to
the western part of northern India about the Indus, in contradistinction to the eastern part
about the Ganges.