previous next

Paulīnus

or Paullīnus.


1.

Pompēius, commanded in Germany with L. Antistius Vetus in A.D. 58, and completed the dam to restrain the inundations of the Rhine, which Drusus had commenced sixty-three years before. Seneca dedicated to him his treatise De Brevitate Vitae; and the Pompeia Paullina, whom the philosopher married, was probably the daughter of this Paullinus.


2.

C. Suetonius, propraetor in Mauretania, in the reign of the emperor Clandius, A.D. 42, when he conquered the Moors who had revolted, and advanced as far as Mount Atlas. He had the command of Britain in the reign of Nero from A.D. 59 to 62. For the first two years all his undertakings were successful; but during his absence on an expedition against the island of Mona (Anglesey), the Britons rose in rebellion under Boadicea (A.D. 61). They at first met with great success, but were conquered by Suetonius on his return from Mona. (See Boadicea.) In A.D. 66 he was consul; and after the death of Nero in 68 he was one of Otho's generals in the war against Vitellius. It was against his advice that Otho fought the battle of Bedriacum. He was pardoned by Vitellius after Nero's death.


3.

Of Milan (Mediolanensis), the secretary of St. Ambrose, after whose death he became a deacon, and repaired to Africa, where, at the request of St. Augustine, he composed a biography of his former patron. This biography, and two other small works by Paullinus, are still extant.


4.

Meropius Pontius Anicius Paullīnus, bishop of Nola, and hence generally designated Paullinus Nolanus, was born at Bordeaux, or at a neighbouring town, which he calls Embromagum, about A.D. 353. His parents were wealthy and illustrious, and he received a careful education, enjoying in particular the instruction of the poet Ausonius. After many years spent in worldly honours he withdrew from the world, and was eventually chosen Bishop of Nola in A.D. 409. He died in 431. The works of Paullinus are still extant, and consist of prose Epistolae (51 in number), Carmina (36 in number, composed in a great variety of metres), and a short tract entitled Passio S. Genesii Arelatensis. The works of Paullinus are edited by Migne (Paris, 1847.)

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: