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Paulus

Παῦλος). The name of several Greek writers.


1.

Aeginēta, a celebrated medical writer, of whose personal history nothing is known except that he was born in Aegina, and that he travelled a good deal, visiting, among other places, Alexandria. He probably lived in the latter half of the seventh century after Christ. He wrote several medical works in Greek, of which the principal one is still extant, with no exact title, but commonly called De Re Medica Libri Septem. This work is chiefly a compilation from former writers. The Greek text has been edited by Brian (Paris, 1855). There is an English translation by Adams (London, 1834 foll.).


2.

Of Alexandria, wrote, in A.D. 278, an introduction to Astrology (Εἰσαγωγὴ εἰς τὴν ἀποτελεσματικήν), which has come down to us, edited by Schatus or Schato (Wittenberg, 1586).


3.

Of Samosata, a celebrated heresiarch of the third century, was made bishop of Antioch, about A.D. 260. He was condemned and deposed by a council held in 269. Paulus denied the distinct personality of the Son of God, and maintained that the Word came and dwelt in the man Jesus.


4.

Silentiarius, so called, because he was chief of the silentiarii, or secretaries of the emperor Justinian. He wrote various poems, of which the following are extant: (a) A Description of the Church of St. Sophia (Ἔκφρασις τοῦ ναοῦ τῆς ἁγίας Σοφίας), consisting of 1029 verses, of which the first 134 are iambic, the rest hexameter. This poem gives a clear and graphic description of the superb structure which forms its subject, and was recited by its author at the second dedication of the church (A.D. 562), after the restoration of the dome, which had fallen in. Edited by Graefe (Leipzig, 1822) and by Bekker (Bonn, 1837), in the Bonn edition of the Byzantine historians. (b) A Description of the Pulpit (Ἔκφρασις τοῦ ἄμβωνος), consisting of 304 verses, a supplement to the former poem. It is printed in the editions mentioned above. (c) Epigrams, 83 in all, given in the Anthologia. Among these is a poem on the Pythian Baths (Εἰς τὰ ἐν Πυθίοις θέρμα).

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