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Peculium

The Romans considered the master of the house (pater familias) the lawful owner of all the earnings of the members of the family under his control, whether bond or free. (See Familia; Servus.) Whatever sum of money he gave to a grown-up son or to a slave for his own use was called the peculium of the latter. This gift could be revoked at pleasure, and could not be disposed of by will. Augustus first granted this right to soldiers, in the case of property won in war (peculium castrense, cf. Juv. xvi.fin.), and Constantine extended it to that gained in a civil office (peculium quasi castrense). See Servus.

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