, the great-nephew of the dictator C.
Iulius Caesar, being the grandson of Iulia, Caesar's eldest sister. He served under Caesar in
Gaul as his legatus, B.C. 57. In 55 he was a candidate for the curule aedileship with Cn.
Plancius and others, but he lost his election. In the Civil War he fought on Caesar's side.
He was praetor in 48, and in that year he defeated and slew Milo in the neighbourhood of
Thurii. In 45 he served against the Pompeian party in Spain. In Caesar's will Pedius was
named as one of his heirs along with his two other great-nephews, C. Octavius and L.
Pinarius, Octavius obtaining three fourths of the property, and the remaining one fourth
being divided between Pinarius and Pedius: the latter resigned his share of the inheritance
to Octavius. After the fall of the consuls, Hirtius and Pansa, at the battle of Mutina in
April, 43, Octavius marched upon Rome at the head of an army, and in the month of August he
was elected consul along with Pedius. The latter forthwith proposed a law, known by the name
of the Lex Pedia
, by which all the murderers of Iulius Caesar were punished
with aquae et ignis interdictio.
Pedius was left in charge of the city
while Octavius marched into the north of Italy. He died towards the end of the year shortly
after the news of the proscription had reached Rome.
Sextus, a Roman jurist, living just before the reign of Hadrian
in the second century A.D. His works and opinions are frequently cited by the later writers,
such as Paulus and Ulpian.