the male, Robīgo,
the female deity among the Romans
5), who protected the corn from blight (robigo
) (Varro, L. L.
vi. 16). On April 25th a festival called the
Robigalia, supposed to have been instituted by Numa, was held in their honour in their grove,
distant nearly five miles from Rome. The citizens marched to the spot in white festal attire,
under the conduct of the flamen Quirinalis
, Robigus having at first apparently
represented only a particular function of Mars (or Quirinus), as protector of the arable land.
After a prayer, accompanied by offerings of incense and wine, for the preservation of the
ripening seed, the flamen offered sacrifice with the entrails of a young sorrel dog and a
sheep. Certain races were also held.