, “a teat”). Ancient Italian pastoral deities, who
protected the suckling cattle and received offerings of milk (Varro, R. R.
2, 5; ii. 11, 15). In Rome their sanctuary stood at the foot of the Palatine Hill, in the
neighbourhood of the Lupercal; in the same place was the Ruminal fig-tree (probably a
primitive emblem of the nurturing goddess; the Rumina ficus
, ii. 412), under which Romulus and Remus were said to have been suckled
by the wolf. (See Romulus
.) The name Ruminus was
also applied to Iupiter as the nourisher of all things (St. August. De Civ.
, vii. 11).