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and Rumīnus (from rumis or ruma, “a teat”). Ancient Italian pastoral deities, who protected the suckling cattle and received offerings of milk (Varro, R. R. ii. 2, 5; ii. 11, 15). In Rome their sanctuary stood at the foot of the Palatine Hill, in the neighbourhood of the Lupercal; in the same place was the Ruminal fig-tree (probably a primitive emblem of the nurturing goddess; the Rumina ficus of Ovid, Fasti, ii. 412), under which Romulus and Remus were said to have been suckled by the wolf. (See Romulus.) The name Ruminus was also applied to Iupiter as the nourisher of all things (St. August. De Civ. Dei, vii. 11).

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