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A particular kind of edifice, of great magnificence, consisting of seven stories of columns, one above the other, supporting seven distinct entablatures or zones, from which it received the name. Two such structures are specially recorded in the city of Rome—one in the Twelfth Region, which existed before the time of the emperor Titus (Suet. Tit. 2; Ammian. xv. 6, 3); and the other in the Tenth Region, under the Palatine Hill, and near the Circus Maximus, which was built by Septimius Severus (Spart. Sev. 19). Three stories of this last structure remained standing during the pontificate of Sixtus V., but were taken down by him for the purpose of employing the columns in building the Vatican. See Middleton, Remains of Ancient Rome, i. 218; 219 (note).

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