Serranus was originally an agnomen of C. Atilius Regulus, consul B.C. 257 (see Regulus
), but afterwards became the name of a distinct
family of the Atilia gens. Most of the ancient writers derive the name from serere
, and relate that Regulus received the surname of Serranus because he was
engaged in sowing when the news was brought him of his elevation to the consulship (Verg. Aen. vi. 845
). It appears, however, from coins
is the proper form of the name, and some modern writers think that
it is derived from Saranum, a town of Umbria.
, consul B.C. 106 with Q. Servilius Caepio,
the year in which Cicero and Pompey were born. Although a stultissimus
, according to Cicero, he was elected in preference to Q. Catulus. He was one of
the senators who took up arms against Saturninus in 100.
, surnamed Gaviānus, because he originally belonged to the Gavia gens. He was quaestor
in 63 in the consulship of Cicero, who treated him with distinguished favour; but in his
tribunate of the plebs (B.C. 57) he took an active part in opposing Cicero's recall from
banishment. After Cicero's return to Rome he put his veto upon the decree of the Senate
restoring to Cicero the site on which his house had stood, but found it advisable to withdraw
his opposition (Pro Sest.
33-43; Post Red.