. A Roman who lived during the last years of
the Republic and under Augustus. He was the founder of a philosophical system, which aimed at
the improvement of morals on the principles of the Stoics and Pythagoreans. Like his son, who
bore the same name, he wrote in Greek. He is the author of a collection of Greek maxims of a
monotheistic and ascetic character, a Christianized Latin translation of which, written in the
second half of the fourth century by the presbyter Rufinus, is still extant.