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Σισύγαμβις). The mother of Darius Codomannus, the last king of Persia, fell into the hands of Alexander after the battle of Issus, B.C. 333, together with the wife and daughter of Darius. Alexander treated these captives with the greatest generosity and kindness, and displayed towards Sisygambis, in particular, a reverence and delicacy of conduct which is one of the brighest ornaments of his character. After his death she put an end to her life by voluntary starvation (Plut. Alex. 21; Q. Curt. x. 5, 19).

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