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στάδιον). The course for foot-races among the Greeks; the usual length of it was 600 Greek feet (625 Roman feet or 606 ft. 9 in. English), a measure which Heracles, according to the myth, had appointed for the course at Olympia (see Olympia). Subsequently this became the standard unit for measuring distances; and when doubled formed the δίαυλος, when quadrupled the ἱππικόν, and when multiplied by 6, 7, 8, 12, 20, or 24, the δόλιχος. On both of the longer sides of the course were natural or artificial elevations with terraced seats for the spectators. At one end there was generally a semicircular space especially intended for wrestling, and this was the place for the umpires. Near this was the pillar which marked the goal. The starting-point was also sometimes indicated by a pillar at the other end, which was origi

Stadium at Ephesus. (Krause.) (A, boundary wall; B C, the sides; F F, the area; b b, pieces of masonry; e e, the entrances; from o to p is the length of an Olympic stadium.)

nally straight, and in later times curved like the end near the goal. For the different kind of races, see Circus; Hippodromus.

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