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Salinātor, Livius


Marcus, consul B.C. 219, with L. Aemilius Paulus, carried on war along with his colleague against the Illyrians. On their return to Rome, both consuls were brought to trial on the charge of having unfairly divided the booty among the soldiers. Paulus escaped with difficulty, but Livius was condemned. The sentence seems to have been an unjust one, and Livius took his disgrace so much to heart that he left the city and retired to his estate in the country, where he lived some years without taking any part in public affairs (Livy, xxii. 35). In 210 the consuls compelled him to return to the city, and in 207 he was elected consul a second time with C. Claudius Nero. He shared with his colleague in the glory of defeating Hasdrubal on the Metaurus. (For details, see Claudius Nero.) Next year (206 B.C.) Livius was stationed in Etruria, as proconsul, with an army, and his imperium was prolonged for two successive years. In 204 he was censor with his former colleague in the consulship, Claudius Nero. The two censors had long been enemies; and their long-smothered resentment now burst forth, and occasioned a great scandal. Livius, in his censorship, imposed a tax upon salt, in consequence of which he received the surname of Salinator, which seems to have been given him in derision, but which became, notwithstanding, hereditary in his family (Livy, xxix. 37; Val. Max. ii. 9, 6; vii. 2, 6).


Gaius, curule aedile B.C. 203, and praetor 202, in which year he obtained Bruttii as his province. In 193 he fought under the consul against the Boii, and in the same year was an unsuccessful candidate for the consulship.


Gaius, praetor B.C. 191, when he had the command of the fleet in the war against Antiochus. He was consul 188, and obtained Gaul as his province (Livy, xxxvii. 9-25).

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