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or Salustius (Σαλούστιος).


The Praefectus Praetorio under the emperor Julian , with whom he was on terms of friendship. Sallustius was a heathen, but dissuaded the emperor from persecuting the Christians. He was perhaps the author of a treatise Περὶ θεῶν καὶ κόσμου, which is still extant. If so, he was attached to the doctrines of the Neo-Platonists. The best edition of this treatise is by Orelli (Zürich, 1821).


A Cynic philosopher of some note, who lived in the latter part of the fifth century after Christ. He was a native of Emesa in Syria, and studied successively at Emesa, Alexandria, and Athens. Sallustius was suspected of holding somewhat impious opinions regarding the gods. He seems at least to have been unsparing in his attacks upon the fanatical theology of the Neo-Platonists.

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