). Literally “an advocate,”
but applied to Athenian officers of various functions. Litigants were theoretically required
to conduct their cases in person, but the practice early arose of employing a friend, or later
a hired expert, to act as συνήγορος
. Such an advocate, after
a short speech by his principal, would assume the leading part in the trial. An example of
this is the defence of Ctesiphon by Demosthenes, against the accusation of Aeschines, though
in this case Demosthenes was himself indirectly involved. The terms συνήγορος
seem to have been used
indiscriminately in many cases. Thus the officers referred to under Syndicus
(1, 2, 3) were known also as συνήγοροι
. The term was also applied to magistrates chosen by lot to assist the
in the scrutiny of the accounts of a retiring
magistrate (Pol. Ath.
54; Schol. Aristoph.