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σάρισσα). A long lance used by the Macedonian hoplites for thrusting, and by the light cavalry. In the time of Philip and Alex

Alexander with Sarissa. (Pompeian mosaic.)

ander the Great it was eighteen feet in length, but was afterwards reduced to fourteen feet. Because of this weapon, the light cavalry were called σαρισσοφόροι. See Livy, ix. 19; xxxviii. 7; Polyb. xviii. 12; and the articles Arma; Exercitus; Phalanx.

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