（σάρισσα). A long lance used by the Macedonian hoplites for
thrusting, and by the light cavalry. In the time of Philip and Alex
Alexander with Sarissa. (Pompeian mosaic.)
ander the Great it was eighteen feet in length, but was afterwards reduced to
fourteen feet. Because of this weapon, the light cavalry were called σαρισσοφόροι. See Livy, ix. 19; xxxviii. 7; Polyb. xviii. 12; and the articles
Arma; Exercitus; Phalanx.
Harry Thurston Peck. Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. New York. Harper and Brothers. 1898.
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