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Schliemann, Heinrich

An archæologist born at Neubuckow, in Germany, January 6th, 1822. He was the son of a Lutheran pastor, who inspired him at an early age with an enthusiastic admiration of the heroes of ancient Greece. His mother died when he was nine years old, and he then lived for two years with his uncle at Kalkhorst. At fourteen he was compelled to enter a grocer's shop as a clerk at Fürstenberg to support himself. He remained in that humble position for over five years, when he obtained a position as clerk to an Amsterdam firm, and in 1846 was sent to St. Petersburg by the firm as their local agent; and a year later established there a business of his own. In the course of a busy life he travelled extensively in Europe and America, and acquired many languages. After he had amassed wealth he commenced his archæological investigations and excavations in the East. In 1874 he obtained permission from the Greek government to excavate Mycenae, where, in 1877, he made the marvellous discovery of the five royal tombs which local tradition had pointed out to Pausanius as those of Agamemnon and his companions, who had been murdered by Aegisthus. His later excavations are well known. He published Ithaka, der Peloponnes und Troja; Trojanische Alterthümer (1874); Reise in der Troas (1881); Mykenae (1877); Orchomenos (1881); Troja (1883); Tiryns (1886); and Bericht über die Ausgrabungen ins Troja im Jahre 1890 (1891). He died December 27th, 1890. See Schuchardt's Schliemann's Excavations (Eng. trans., 1891).

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