A part of the revenue of the Roman Republic derived from the lease of such parts of the
as could be used for pasture (pascua
). They were let by the censors to the publicans. (See Publicani
.) Those who grazed cattle on these lands were called pecuarii
and paid for their use. Such cattle were registered (scripti
), whence the name scriptura.
When the pasture-lands were
assigned to individual owners this tax disappeared. Cf. Pliny,
H. N. xviii. 11
; Pro Flacco
, 8, 18.