). In general, a person in charge of money, stock,
or property, as a butler, steward, housekeeper, or treasurer. In the latter sense it was a
title borne by several officials in Athens.
The most important of these was the treasurer (ἐπιμελητής
) of the revenue, elected by show of hands every four years. He
received from the ἀποδέκται
or general collectors all the
money which was to be disbursed for public expenses, and he paid away into the treasuries of
the several authorities what was necessary for purposes of administration in their respective
departments. He also provided the funds voted by the people for extraordinary purposes.
The same name was also borne by the ten treasurers of the goddess Athené, who
had the care of the treasure of the goddess which was kept in the inner chamber of the
Parthenon, besides the State treasure which (according to the ordinary account) was kept in
the same place. They were elected annually by lot, one from each of the phylae.
Similarly, we have a board of ten regularly constituted treasurers to the rest of the gods.
Their duty was to manage the sacred treasures, which in earlier times were kept in the
separate temples, but in B.C. 418 were transferred to the Parthenon.
Under the title of ταμίας τῶν στρατιωτικῶν
, we read of a
financial officer of the war department. He was probably appointed after the Peloponnesian
War in place of the Hellenotamiae
Besides his duties in connection with the war department, he had a share in the management of
the Panathenaic festival (Aristot. Pol. Ath.