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ληνός). A press used in making oil or wine. The earliest press was simply a block of stone raised by lever and allowed to descend on a basket (fiscina) of grapes or olives. The next development was a machine operated by the pres

Torcular (Herculanean painting.)

sure of a beam (prelum) drawn down by ropes and worked by a sort of capstan (sucula). Still another press consisted of two uprights fixed in the earth and with crossbeams at the top and bottom. A number of boards (tympana) ran down each side of the uprights forced down upon the grapes by large blocks driven in as wedges by blows of a hammer or mallet. This last press is represented in the accompanying illustration. See Olivum; Vinum.

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