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Troas

Τρωάς, sc. χῶρα). Now Chan; the territory of Ilium or Troy, forming the northwestern part of Mysia. It was bounded on the west by the Aegaean Sea, from the Promontorium Lectum to the Promontorium Sigeum at the entrance of the Hellespont; on the northwest by the Hellespont, as far as the river Rhodius, below Abydus; on the northeast and east by the mountains which border the valley of the Rhodius, and extend from its sources southwards to the main ridge of Mount Ida, and on the south by the northern coast of the Gulf of Adramyttium along the southern foot of Ida; but on the northeast and east the boundary is sometimes extended so far as to include the whole coast of the Hellespont and part of the Propontis, and the country as far as the river Granicus, thus embracing the district of Dardania, and somewhat more. Strabo extends the boundary still further east, to the river Aesopus, and also south to the Caïcus; but this clearly results from his including in the territory of Troy that of her neighbouring allies ( Il. ix. 321 Il., xxiv. 544; Herod.vii. 42; Strab. pp. 581-616). The Troad is for the most part mountainous, being intersected by Mount Ida and its branches: the largest plain is that in which Troy stood. The chief rivers were the Satnoïs on the south, the Rhodius on the north, and the Scamander (Mendere) with its affluent the Simoïs (Dombrek) in the centre.

Trochus. (From a gem.)

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